Gold reserve

A gold reserve is the gold held by a central bank or nation intended as a store of value and as a guarantee to redeem promises to pay depositors, note holders (e.g., paper money), or trading peers, or to secure a currency.
 Gold reserve   
Rank Country Gold (tonnes) Gold's share of national forex reserves
  1   United States   8,133.5     76%  
  2   Germany   3,377.9     70%  
  3   International Monetary Fund   2,814.0     N.A.  
  4   Italy   2,451.8     69%  
  5   France   2,435.8     65%  
  6   China   1,838.5     2%  
  7   Russia   1,542.7     16%  
  8   Switzerland   1,040.0     6%  
  9   Japan   765.2     3%  
  10   Netherlands   612.5     65%  
  11   India   557.8     6%  
  12   European Central Bank   504.8     28%  
  13   Turkey   442.1     16%  
  14   Taiwan   423.6     4%  
  15   Portugal   382.5     62%  
  16   Saudi Arabia   322.9     2%  
  17   United Kingdom   310.3     9%  
  18   Lebanon   286.8     24%  
  19   Spain   281.6     18%  
  20   Austria   280.0     45%  
  21   Kazakhstan   248.2     34%  
  22   Belgium   227.4     38%  
  23   Philippines   196.2     10%  
  24   Venezuela   188.8     64%  
  25   Algeria   173.6     5%  
  26   Thailand   152.4     4%  
  27   Singapore   127.4     2%  
  28   Sweden   125.7     9%  
  29   South Africa   125.3     11%  
  30   Mexico   120.9     3%  
  31   Libya   116.6     6%  
  32   Greece   112.7     63%  
  33   South Korea   104.4     1%  
  34   Bank for International Settlements   104.0     N.A.  
  35   Romania   103.7     11%  
  36   Poland   102.9     4%  
  37   Iraq   89.8     7%  
  38   Australia   79.9     7%  
  39   Kuwait   79.0     10%  
  40   Indonesia   78.1     3%  
  Total