Gold reserve

A gold reserve is the gold held by a central bank or nation intended as a store of value and as a guarantee to redeem promises to pay depositors, note holders (e.g., paper money), or trading peers, or to secure a currency.
 Gold reserve   
Rank Country Gold (tonnes) Gold's share of national forex reserves
  1   United States   8,133.5     75.4%  
  2   Germany   3,377.9     69.6%  
  4   Italy   2,451.8     68.5%  
  5   France   2,435.8     64.0%  
  6   China   1,842.6     2.4%  
  7   Russia   1,655.4     16.8%  
  8   Switzerland   1,040.0     6.0%  
  9   Japan   765.2     2.5%  
  10   Netherlands   612.5     64.9%  
  11   India   557.8     6.1%  
  12   European Central Bank   504.8     27.2%  
  13   Taiwan   423.6     3.8%  
  15   Portugal   382.5     58.1%  
  16   Saudi Arabia   322.9     2.4%  
  17   United Kingdom   310.3     8.9%  
  18   Lebanon   286.8     21.0%  
  19   Spain   281.6     17.6%  
  20   Austria   280.0     46.5%  
  21   Kazakhstan   264.0     35.6%  
  22   Belgium   227.4     37.3%  
  23   Philippines   196.3     9.7%  
  24   Algeria   187.5     65.6%  
  25   Venezuela   173.6     5.8%  
  26   Thailand   152.4     3.4%  
  27   Singapore   127.4     2.0%  
  28   South Africa   125.7     8.6%  
  29   Sweden   125.3     10.8%  
  30   Mexico   120.2     2.7%  
  31   Libya   116.6     6.4%  
  32   Greece   112.8     65.4%  
  33   South Korea   104.4     1.1%  
  35   Romania   103.7     10.3%  
  36   Poland   103.0     3.8%  
  37   Iraq   89.8     7.9%  
  38   Australia   79.9     6.3%  
  39   Kuwait   79.0     9.4%  
  40   Indonesia   78.1     2.7%  
  Total